Soo Bahk Do - Karate
We teach the dynamic exciting and effective Korean style of martial arts know as Soo Bahk Do a style similar to Karate though heavily influenced by indigenous Korean and also Chinese martial arts. Soo Bahk Do(수박도) ™ is the name of the martial art founded and taught by Hwang Kee, his successor HC Hwang, and instructors who are certified by the World Moo Duk Kwan Inc™.
Soo Bahk Do is notable for its use of strong, deep stances as in Shotokan Karate, while also emphasizing a very active use of the hip to help generate force in each movement performed. It is known for its vast array of kicks, a hallmark of Korean martial arts.
Additionally, its pyong-an (Pinan) utilize many direct, linear forms similar to Shotokan Karate Kata, while the individual blocks, strikes, and techniques themselves often utilize the more circular constructions of other Korean martial arts, as influenced by Northern Chinese martial arts styles throughout history.
Soo Bahk Do uses a traditional belt ranking system for Korean Martial Arts:
- White (10th to 9th geup)
- Yellow (9th to 8th geup )
- Orange (8th to 7th geup)
- Green (6th to 4th geup)
- Red (3rd to 1st geup)
- Midnight Blue (1st to 3rd dan rank)
- Midnight Blue with Central Red stripe (4th dan and above)
Hwang Kee Created the Moo Duk Kwan™ school of martial arts on 9th November 1945.
Moo Duk Kwan™ is the organisation that certifies our instructors, controls the syllabus and maintains the integrity of our art. In the UK, Soo Bahk Do Moo Duk Kwan is controlled by the UK Soo Bahk Do Federation
UKSBD™ and the UKSBD logo are trade marks of the UK Soo Bahk Do Moo Duk Kwan Federation.
Soo Bahk Do™, Moo Duk Kwan™ and the Moo Duk Kwan Logo are trade marks of the World Moo Duk Kwan Corporation.
McKinstry Family Martial Arts is the accredited official school for the Ormskirk, Burscough and West Lancs Area.
History of our Art
Grand Master Hwang Kee (the Founder of Soo Bahk Do Moo Duk Kwan) was first inspired to study the Martial arts in 1921 when he was about seven years old. At a traditional Festival called “Dan O” he was visiting a nearby village, where they had archery, wrestling and many other festivities. As Grand Master was enjoying the festival a group of seven or eight men had a dispute with another man. Suddenly the group of men attacked the lone man, who began evading and counter attacking with his feet, eventually defeating the group of men. This ability to defend oneself against several attackers so impressed Grand Master that at that moment he knew he wanted to learn the martial arts. Several years Grand Master Hwang Kee studied and researched every available source, and at the age of 22 he was recognised as a Master among other martial artists. In May of 1935 Grand Master began working for the Korean railroad company which allowed him to travel. In May of 1936 he met a Chinese Kung Fu master named Yang, Kuk Jin. Grand Master trained with Master Yang until 1946, at that time China became a communist country.
Grand Master Hwang Kee opened his first martial arts school, the “Moo Duk Kwan” on the 9th November 1945. He initially received six students teaching “Hwa Soo Do” the way of the flowering hand. This name paid tribute to Korea’s warrior history with reference to the “Hwa Rang” knights (flowering youth). The Grand Master’s teaching was basic and intense, losing him those first students within three months. After some deliberation he reopened the “Moo Duk Kwan” under the banner “Tang Soo Do, Moo Duk Kwan”. At that time in Korea the term “Tang Soo Do” had become generic meaning Chinese Martial Arts. From that day to this, the Moo Duk Kwan has grown into one of the most scientific and influential martial arts in the world.
In 1947 the Grand Master introduced the Ki Cho Hyung (basic forms) in order to help students progress from basic technique onto more complex hyung. By the mid 1950’s the Moo Duk Kwan had become the largest Federation in Korea. Growth had been so successful that Tang Soo Do had been initiated into the secondary school curriculum.
In 1957 the Grand Master discovered a copy of the Muye Dobo Jonji in the Seoul Central Library. What was amazing about this find was that all Korean historical texts had been destroyed by the Japanese during the occupation of Korea between 1909-1945. The discovery started Grand Master’s journey of research into this military writing, which lead to the introduction of the Chil Sung and Yuk Ro Hyung.
Although by far the largest, the Moo Duk Kwan was not the only school in Korea - eight other Kwans (schools) had emerged by the mid 1950s. In April 1961 the Korean Government ordered the various schools to unify under a single system, now called Taekwondo. This caused a split in the Moo Duk Kwan. One group stayed loyal to Grand Master Hwang Kee, and still follow the official Soo Bahk Do Moo Duk Kwan curriculum, controlled by the World Moo Duk Kwan Inc. The second group merged with the other eight other Kwans to form Taekwondo and follow the Kukkiwon curriculum. Taekwondo is now a competitive Olympic sport controlled by the World Taekwando Federation.
The art was renamed Soo Bahk Do in 1994 at the Grand Master’s request. The latter name paying stronger homage to Korea’s own martial past, reflecting the higher indigenous portion of the curriculum after the introduction of both the “Chil Sung” and “Yuk Ro” Hyung sets.
Remember “Tang Soo Do” is a generic Korean phrase equivalent to “Karate”, so anyone is free to use it. However, Soo Bahk Do, Moo Duk Kwan and the Moo Duk Kwan “fist” logo are registered trademarks of the World Moo Duk Kwan. Only federations officially recognised by the World Moo Duk Kwan have the right to claim they teach Soo Bahk Do and use the fist logo. These organisations are listed under “member organisations” on the official World Moo Duk Kwan website.